Two different rice papers, one a brighter white, are laminated in order to give the painting more strength. The backing paper is MASA; the others are handmade Korean and Chinese papers - difficult to paint on and very absorbent. No ink was used here, only Japanese watercolors which use a glue binder, not the gum arabic of western watercolors such as Winsor Newton. The glue is made from cornstarch and aloe cooked over low heat. These three paintings are still wet. As they dry they will lighten somewhat.